What is network protocol and its elements ?

Protocol is a set of rules that is necessary for communicating between the sender and the receiver. Every network protocol has a different job. Such as FTP is a file transfer protocol. With the help of which user can upload the file to the server.

  1. Syntax
  2. Semantics
  3. Timing

1. Syntax:

It refers to structure or format of the data. It means how data will made. Syntax indicates how the network structure will be and how it will work.

2. Semantics:

It refers to meaning of each section of the bits. It means each section of bits has a unique label which is understanding by user.

3. Timing:

It refers to the time which determines that when and how fast data should be send. In other words, how much time will be spend to send data.

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